modern technologies of body correction on guard of beauty and health
Every year, the number of overweight and obese people is constantly increasing around the world, and the “obesity epidemic”, according to WHO experts, is becoming an increasingly acute medical and social problem that threatens not only the health of society as a whole, but also the economy of different countries .
In Russia, the problem of combating overweight is no less acute than in the whole world. According to Russian researchers, the prevalence of overweight among the adult population of Russia in recent years has been 60% for men and 59.2% for women. Moreover, the frequency of obesity in adults is 21.9 and 29.7% among the male and female population, respectively.
Due to the prevalence of obesity among the population, interest in various body shaping methods is currently increasing. An increase in body weight of 20% or more from standard values and obvious deposits of adipose tissue lead to a violation of the aesthetic perception of the human body. This limits the physical activity of patients, adversely affects the quality of life, and in some cases leads to the loss of professional fitness. Many women by the time of puberty in some areas (including the stomach) there is an excessive deposition of fat.
It has been proven that the number of fat cells remains constant in adulthood and that fat mass in adults is primarily determined by changes in lipid accumulation in existing adipocytes. Weight loss does not reduce the number of adipocytes, but only changes their size. Similarly, a significant increase in weight leads to an increase in body fat, which is due to an increase in the volume of adipocytes, and not their number.
Body correction techniques
Most people struggle with body size fluctuations, not only in adulthood. The most commonly used methods are food control and weight control programs. But all these measures provide only temporary changes in the volume of fat cells and are not always successful. To achieve a lasting result of control over fat mass in a certain part of the body, it is necessary to reduce the number of adipocytes.
Over the past decade, the market of aesthetic medicine has constantly shifted from invasive procedures to non-invasive treatments. According to ASAPS statistics, in 2016 non-invasive cosmetic procedures grew twice as fast as surgical procedures.
In 2017, liposuction was the most common surgical cosmetic procedure after breast augmentation, at that time more than 300,000 procedures were performed per year. Due to the high risk of complications (for example, infection, scarring or hematoma), after surgical aesthetic procedures to correct the figure, the demand for non-invasive procedures for removing fatty tissue in different areas has increased.
Unlike surgical treatments, non-invasive body shaping procedures used to produce modest results. However, with the development of technology in recent years, the aesthetic changes that can be achieved non-invasively have improved significantly. The main problem remains the longevity of the results of non-invasive treatment, since it is believed that surgical procedures, such as liposuction, have more long-term results if serious lifestyle changes do not occur.
To date, the leading technologies for non-invasive body contouring, widely used to reduce subcutaneous fat, are:
Radio Frequency (RF)
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU).
All these technologies are aimed at temporary or permanent reduction in the volume of adipose tissue. The mechanisms of action of these methods are different. They range from the induction of apoptosis (RF), coagulation necrosis (HIFU) to the programmed death of fat cells caused by local panniculitis (cryolipolysis). At the same time, specialists in aesthetic medicine have the opportunity to combine these technologies to achieve optimal results in the correction of body contours.
High Intensity Focused Ultrasound (HIFU)
The method has been used clinically for non-invasive treatment of pathological conditions in various organs for more than 50 years. The predictable and reproducible effects of HIFU have made it a promising tool for treating various diseases. The current therapeutic possibilities of HIFU in human medicine include the treatment of cancer and solid tumors, leiomyomas and atrial fibrillation.
In modern aesthetic medicine, HIFU is used to ablate fat to correct body contours and treat collagen-rich layers. Decreased skin tone is another common cosmetic problem in middle-aged women. Using an external sensor, HIFU energy accurately removes the target adipose tissue through intact skin without affecting surrounding tissue or causing side damage above or below the focused energy zone.