How to strengthen tooth enamel?
How to strengthen tooth enamel?
Enamel protects dentin and pulp from the aggressive effects of environmental factors. This is one of the strongest tissues of the human body. But she also needs care and strengthening.
When does the question of enamel strengthening arise?
People who at least once in their life have experienced such symptoms as:
increased sensitivity of teeth to cold, hot and sweet foods;
soreness when chewing solid food while brushing.
On the surface of the tooth, you can see darkening, dark or white spots, indentations, chips and cracks.
Injuries to the enamel can be caused by injuries, congenital pathologies of the development of enamel (hypoplasia, aplasia), the initial stages of the carious process, impaired immunity and some endocrine diseases. We are not able to control these factors.
But sometimes enamels harm the conscious actions of patients: for example, the use of bristles with hard bristles, abuse of home whitening procedures, lack of vitamins, smoking and abuse of sugary drinks, accumulation of tartar, lack of care.
Unfortunately, enamel cannot regenerate itself after damage.
Why should enamel be strengthened?
Firstly, because it is unpleasant to feel pain and discomfort while eating and brushing your teeth. Secondly, it is caries prevention, which is easier and cheaper to prevent than to treat. Thirdly, the destroyed enamel looks ugly even on outwardly perfect teeth.
In general, there are some pluses from enamel strengthening, but how to do it correctly so as not to harm your teeth? On the net you will find many ways to strengthen enamel with home remedies or commercial preparations. Should they be trusted? Let’s figure it out together.
The structure and composition of tooth enamel
Enamel is 97% inorganic substances. Basically, it is calcium hydroxyapatite.
Hydroxyapatites are destroyed by acids even at pH = 4.5. This means that too sour food can cause damage to the enamel. Microorganisms that live in the mouth and break down carbohydrates also acidify the environment. This is the danger of high-carb food and drinks for enamel.
Over time, part of the hydroxyapatites are replaced by hydroxyfluoroapatites of calcium and magnesium. This is only at hand for people, since these salts are more resistant to acids. That is why many toothpastes contain fluoride, and for the prevention of caries in cities, sometimes tap water is massively fluorinated.
Enamel thickness can reach 2 mm on the crown and go 0.1 mm at the base of the neck of the tooth. Therefore, it is the base of the tooth, especially in the interdental spaces, most often suffers from tooth decay.
Prevention and treatment of enamel damage
Based on the structure and composition of enamel, it becomes clear that prevention should be aimed at:
maintaining oral hygiene with a mandatory emphasis on the condition of the interdental spaces;
inclusion in the diet of foods rich in calcium (dairy products) and take vitamin D;
restriction in the diet of acidic and sugary drinks and foods with a large amount of unrefined carbohydrates.
Dentists can also offer you preventative measures to strengthen enamel and prevent caries. However, before starting enamel strengthening measures, all patients must undergo a comprehensive brushing with the removal of tartar.
Enamel fluoridation and remineralization
Both of these methods are aimed at saturating the enamel surface with minerals. This is a course of treatment – from 3 to 20 procedures, during which a therapeutic composition rich in calcium, fluorine, phosphorus, nanohydroxyapatites, and vitamins is applied to the jaw using mouth guards.
Sometimes these compounds are used pointwise in the form of applications. To enhance the effect, the therapeutic composition can be applied by electrophoresis or activated by ultraviolet radiation.
At the initial degree of enamel damage, these methods already by 2-3 sessions reduce the sensitivity of the teeth, and by the end of the course significantly reduce the likelihood of tooth decay.
Tooth enamel implantation
If the process of destruction of enamel has gone too far, more serious measures will be needed to restore it. Enamel implantation is the buildup of solid matter at the molecular level. The method is very effective and expensive. But then the result remains practically for life.
Use of veneers and lumineers
Artificial linings are firmly fixed on the surface of the tooth with damaged enamel. This protects the tooth from the progression of the pathological process, and the artificial insert masks the cosmetic defect.
At home, the destruction of enamel can be slowed down by the use of medicinal toothpastes with a high content of calcium and fluorine, such as Sensodyne, President Classics, R.O.C.S, etc. During the purchase, you need to pay attention to the fluorine content (not less than 0.14%). These pastes can be applied, applying them to the surface of sensitive teeth for 3-5 minutes. Massage of the gums with a brush or fingers also helps; it improves the blood supply to the teeth and the flow to the damaged areas of nutrients.