Acne has long been perceived as an infectious disease, but data from Das, Reynolds 2014 and other researchers have revealed that it is an inflammatory process in which the bacteria Propionibacterium acnes and innate immunity play a crucial role in the spread of pathological hyperkeratinization and inflammation. Changes in the composition of sebum and increased sensitivity to androgens also play a role in the inflammatory process.
The level of sebum excretion is often used as an indicative marker in studies.
Fat excretion is controlled by hormones. In 2015, Bissonnette and colleagues conducted a study of free Continue reading
Today, the main requirement for facial rejuvenation procedures is the individuality of approaches and assessment of the harmony of the face as a whole.
The lip area (after the eye area) creates a bright accent and attracts the attention of others, so correction of the lips and the perioral zone remains a priority for patients.
Guided by experience, I believe that correction of the lip area is extremely important to consider in conjunction with other facial structures, conducting their aesthetic analysis, individualizing the correction plan, taking into account the patient’s goal and motivation. Continue reading
The key to success in contouring the middle third of the face is markup. The author considers the choice of correction zones, danger zones and access points with cannula technique.
The term ptosis in the field of aesthetic cosmetology is very common. But where exactly does ptosis begin – the root cause of all gravitational folds. This is a U-shaped deformation in the middle third of the face, formed by the nasolacrimal, palpebromolar and mid-cheek grooves, which is located in the middle third of the face. Problems such as dark circles and bags under the eyes, uneven cheeks, drooping cheekbones and lateral sections of the eyebrows are located in the middle third of the face, and they are involved in the formation of nasolabial folds, wrinkles, “puppets” and a violation of the clear contour of the face. Continue reading