Anomalies are called congenital and acquired deviations from the normal amount, color, location, timing of eruption and tooth structure. They are found quite often: according to various sources, every second child and every third adult have them.
In addition imperfection, tooth abnormalities cause problems with chewing food, they often hurt and are affected by caries.
What are tooth abnormalities?
Quantitative: there are more than 32 teeth (hyperdontia) or less than 32 (hypodontia), or there are no teeth at Continue reading
Vitamin D is conditionally assigned to the group of vitamins, in fact it is a fat-soluble prohormonal steroid that is involved in endocrine, paracrine and autocrine regulation [Vanchinathan, Lim 2012].
Synthesis of Vitamin D in the Skin
According to the International Lighting Engineering Commission (MSC), effective radiation (i.e., the effectiveness of each wavelength for the synthesis of vitamin D in the skin) covers the spectral range of 255–330 nm with a maximum of about 295 nm (UVB). Exposure to UV light, which induces redness of the skin at a minimum erythema dose for 15– Continue reading
Every year, the number of overweight and obese people is constantly increasing around the world, and the “obesity epidemic”, according to WHO experts, is becoming an increasingly acute medical and social problem that threatens not only the health of society as a whole, but also the economy of different countries .
In Russia, the problem of combating overweight is no less acute than in the whole world. According to Russian researchers, the prevalence of overweight among the adult population of Russia in recent years has been 60% for men and 59.2% for women. Moreover, the frequency of obesity in adults is 21.9 and 29.7% among the male and female population, respectively.
Due to the prevalence of obesity among the population, interest in various body shaping methods is currently increasing. An increase in body weight of 20% or more from standard values and obvious deposits of adipose tissue lead to a violation of the aesthetic perception of the human body. This limits the physical activity of patients, adversely affects the quality of life, and in some cases leads to the loss of professional fitness. Many women by the time of puberty Continue reading